Clinical and Laboratory ObservationsParents’ Knowledge and Perceptions Regarding Vitamin K Prophylaxis in NewbornsEventov-Friedman, Smadar MD, PhD*; Vinograd, Orit RN, MPH†; Ben-Haim, Maggie RN, MPA†; Penso, Sara RN, MPA†; Bar-Oz, Benjamin MD*; Zisk-Rony, Rachel Y. RN, MPH, PhD‡Author Information *Department of Neonatology †Postpartum Units ‡Henrietta Szold Hadassah, Hebrew University School of Nursing, Faculty of Medicine, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center, Jerusalem, Israel Funded by the Nursing Research Unit of Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center. The authors declare no conflict of interest. Reprints: Smadar Eventov-Friedman, MD, PhD, Department of Neonatology, Hadassah and Hebrew University Hospital, Ein Kerem, Jerusalem 91120, Israel (e-mail: [email protected]). Received December 22, 2011 Accepted August 22, 2012 Journal of Pediatric Hematology/Oncology: July 2013 - Volume 35 - Issue 5 - p 409-413 doi: 10.1097/MPH.0b013e318279e509 Buy Metrics Abstract Background: There is an increasing trend of parents refusing vitamin K (VK) prophylaxis in newborns. We examined the knowledge, perceptions, cultural and religious barriers of expecting parents regarding VK prophylaxis. Observations: Questionnaires were completed by 217 participants: 151 female participants and 85% were expecting their first child. Two thirds had academic degrees, yet were ignorant regarding recommendation to provide VK (22.5%), source (15.5%), action (34%), and provision options (29%). Moreover, first-time parents had not yet decided to provide VK after birth (P<0.05). Conclusions: There is a need to provide expecting parents with information regarding safety, utility, and benefits of VK prophylaxis. © 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.