Departments of Community and Behavioral Health (Drs Runyan and Brooks-Russell) and Epidemiology (Dr Runyan), Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, Colorado; Program for Injury Prevention, Education and Research (PIPER), University of Colorado School of Public Health, Aurora, Colorado (Drs Runyan, Brooks-Russell, and Betz); and Department of Emergency Medicine, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (Dr Betz).
Correspondence: Carol W. Runyan, PhD, MPH, Department of Epidemiology, Colorado School of Public Health, 13001 East 17th Pl, B119, Bldg 500, Room W3143, Aurora, CO 80045 (Carol.Runyan@ucdenver.edu).
This project was supported by a grant from the National Institute of Mental Health (R21 MH105827). The authors acknowledge and appreciate the guidance from their external advisory panel: Catherine Barber, Glen Currier, Stephen Hargarten, Jarrod Hindman, Matthew Miller, and Garen Wintemute; the work of Erin Kelly in conducting qualitative interviews, the assistance of Robert Agans and Anna Hoffmeyer and their team at the Carolina Survey Research Laboratory in data collection, and of Alexandria Erkenbeck in conducting preliminary analyses; and other team members (Sara Brandspigel, Douglas Novins, and Gregory Tung) for involvement in constructing the instruments and interpreting the results. The authors acknowledge the study participants from hospitals throughout the region who gave their time in responding to the survey.
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.
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