• This commentary describes the relationship between urban planning and public health. It describes how failure to adapt the land development regulations and transportation facility design standards over time has resulted in the promulgation of health adverse environments as a norm and not the exception.
Lawrence D. Frank, PhD, RLA, is Bombardier Chairholder, Sustainable Transportation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. He is also a senior nonresident fellow of the Brookings Institution, Washington, District of Columbia, and president of Lawrence Frank and Company, Seattle, Washington.
Sarah Kavage, MUP, is Special Projects Manager and an artist in Lawrence Frank and Company at Seattle, Washington.
Corresponding Author: Lawrence D. Frank, PhD, RLA, School of Community and Regional Planning, University of British Columbia, 1933 West Mall Room 231, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada V6T 1Z2 (email@example.com).
The authors thank Valerie Rogers with the National Association of County and City Health Officials for the opportunity to contribute this commentary.