Although local childhood obesity prevalence estimates would be valuable for planning and evaluating obesity prevention efforts in communities, these data are often unavailable.
The primary objective was to create a multi-institutional system for sharing electronic health record (EHR) data to produce childhood obesity prevalence estimates at the census tract level. A secondary objective was to adjust obesity prevalence estimates to population demographic characteristics.
The study was set in Denver County, Colorado. Six regional health care organizations shared EHR-derived data from 2014 to 2016 with the state health department for children and adolescents 2 to 17 years of age. The most recent height and weight measured during routine care were used to calculate body mass index (BMI); obesity was defined as BMI of 95th percentile or more for age and sex. Census tract location was determined using residence address. Race/ethnicity was imputed when missing, and obesity prevalence estimates were adjusted by sex, age group, and race/ethnicity.
Adjusted obesity prevalence estimates, overall, by demographic characteristics and by census tract.
BMI measurements were available for 89 264 children and adolescents in Denver County, representing 73.9% of the population estimate from census data. Race/ethnicity was missing for 4.6%. The county-level adjusted childhood obesity prevalence estimate was 13.9% (95% confidence interval, 13.6-14.1). Adjusted obesity prevalence was higher among males, those 12 to 17 years of age, and those of Hispanic race/ethnicity. Adjusted obesity prevalence varied by census tract (range, 0.4%-24.7%). Twelve census tracts had an adjusted obesity prevalence of 20% or more, with several contiguous census tracts with higher childhood obesity occurring in western areas of the city.
It was feasible to use a system of multi-institutional sharing of EHR data to produce local childhood obesity prevalence estimates. Such a system may provide useful information for communities when implementing obesity prevention programs.
Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Denver, Colorado (Dr Daley, Mss Barrow and Reifler, and Mr Tabano); Department of Pediatrics, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado (Dr Daley); Denver Public Health Department, Denver Health, Denver, Colorado (Drs Kraus and Davidson); Children's Hospital Colorado, Aurora, Colorado (Ms Davies); Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment, Denver, Colorado (Messrs Williford and White); and Tri-County Health Department, Greenwood Village, Colorado (Dr Shupe).
Correspondence: Matthew F. Daley, MD, Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, 2550 S. Parker Rd, Ste 200, Aurora, CO 80014 (firstname.lastname@example.org).
This research was funded by The Colorado Health Foundation (www.coloradohealth.org) and the Community Benefit Program at Kaiser Permanente Colorado. The 6 data partners for the current study were as follows: (1) Denver Health; (2) Salud Family Health Centers; (3) Metro Community Provider Network; (4) Children's Hospital Colorado; (5) Kaiser Permanente Colorado; and (6) High Plains Community Health Center.
The authors Matthew F. Daley, David C. Tabano, and Liza M. Reifler had full access to all the data in the study and take responsibility for the integrity of the data and the accuracy of the data analyses. The findings and conclusions in this report are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of The Colorado Health Foundation or the Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment.
The authors have no conflicts of interest relevant to this article to disclose.