Weaving and Layering Funding: A Territorial Health Agency's Guide to Effective Health Financing : Journal of Public Health Management and Practice

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Weaving and Layering Funding: A Territorial Health Agency's Guide to Effective Health Financing

Cruz, Casierra MPH; Wheatley, Alex MPA; Ensign, Karl MPP; Fraser, Michael R. PhD, MS, CAE, FCPP; Gilmartin, Sharon MPH; Bailey, Amy MPH; Mendiola, Amber

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Journal of Public Health Management and Practice 29(4):p 456-463, July/August 2023. | DOI: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000001709



State and territorial health agencies can optimize programmatic funding through braiding and layering strategies.


The Commonwealth Healthcare Corporation, a territorial health agency located on the Pacific Island of Saipan, Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI), restructured its Non-Communicable Disease Bureau into 4 new units. Existing funding streams were braided and layered to support the restructuring. A shared vision of strengthening crosscutting connections to improve population health outcomes helped guide the restructuring process. Vision planning with leaders and funding partners, establishing buy-in within agency and external partners, and assessing immediate impacts were a few of the steps taken by the agency to ensure a successful restructuring.


The immediate impact of the restructure has been positive. In both the CNMI and select states that have undertaken similar efforts, braiding and layering funding has facilitated more streamlined processes, coordinated approaches across programs and funding partners, and provided deeper levels of trust in partnerships. Although it is still too early to draw long-term assessments in the CNMI, the agency projects that coordinated funds will strengthen its foundational capabilities and promote a more community-centered, collaborative, and effective approach to public health. Restructuring the Non-Communicable Disease Bureau through braiding and layering funds gives the agency the flexibility it needs to more effectively address the social determinants of health and local population health priorities through a client-centered approach, ultimately improving health outcomes for the commonwealth.

Lessons Learned and Implications: 

The agency experienced several challenges throughout the restructuring process that offer lessons learned for addressing effective health financing. For example, ample time is needed at the beginning of the braiding and layering process to establish policies and procedures for efficient accounting, documenting, and reporting. In addition, ongoing support and training opportunities for programmatic teams can smooth out the transition from siloed to braided and layered funding structures. These lessons, in addition to key elements mapped out by experienced state health agencies, can guide and prepare other agencies interested in implementing innovative funding mechanisms.

© 2023 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.

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