Research Full ReportsStrengthening Public Health Management Capacity in Vietnam: Preparing Local Public Health Workers for New Roles in a Decentralized Health SystemDo, Mai Hoa MD, PhD; Bui, Thi Thu Ha PhD; Phan, Tuong PhD; Nguyen, Hoang Long MD, MPH, PhD; Duong, Thuy Anh PhD; Le, Bao Chau MD, MPH; Pham, Thi Thuy Linh MPH; Nguyen, Minh Hoang MPH; Nguyen, Phuong Thuy MPH; Malison, Michael MD, MPAAuthor Information Institute of Health Management Training, Hanoi University of Public Health, Hanoi, Vietnam (Drs Do, Bui, Phan and Le, Ms Pham, Mr. Nguyen, and Ms Nguyen); Vietnam Ministry of Health, Vietnam Administration for HIV/AIDS Control, Hanoi, Vietnam (Drs Nguyen and Duong); and International Health, Emory Rollins School of Public Health, Atlanta, Georgia (Dr Malison). Correspondence: Michael Malison, MD, MPA, International Health, Emory Rollins School of Public Health, 1560 Clifton Rd, Atlanta, GA 300333 ([email protected]). The authors declare no conflicts of interest.The authors wish to thank Janna Brooks, Sara Andrist, Asia Nguyen and the many others from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) who provided technical support for this project. Funding for this project was provided by a grant from the President's Emergency Program for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). Dr. Malison, the founder and former Director of CDC's Sustainable Management Development Program, was supported to assist in the preparation of this manuscript by a grant from the Fulbright Foundation US Scholar's Program. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: March/April 2018 - Volume 24 - Issue - p S74-S81 doi: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000000755 Buy Metrics Abstract Health sector decentralization has created an urgent need to strengthen public health management capacity in many countries throughout the developing world. This article describes the establishment of a national management training network in Vietnam that used Project-Based Learning to strengthen management competencies of HIV program workers and linked training to measurable improvement in HIV/AIDS public health program outcomes. Skills were taught using a combination of classroom learning and mentored fieldwork. From 2005 to 2015, 827 HIV/AIDS program managers were trained with this method throughout Vietnam by trainers in 3 regional training centers. A total of 218 applied learning projects were carried out by trainees during this period; 132 resulted in measurable improvements in HIV/AIDS program outputs, and 86 produced well-organized plans for implementing, monitoring, and evaluating HIV/AIDS intervention strategies. Vietnam's management training network represents an important advancement in public health workforce development that helps prepare workers for new roles and responsibilities in a decentralized health system. © 2018 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.