Research ArticlesPutting the Law Into Practice A Comparison of Isolation and Quarantine As Tools to Control Tuberculosis and EbolaHershey, Tina Batra JD, MPH; Pryde, Julie A. MSW, LSW, CPHA; Mwaungulu, Geoffrey S. Jr JD, MPH; Phifer, Victoria I. MPH; Roszak, Andrew R. JD, MPAAuthor Information Center for Public Health Practice, Graduate School of Public Health, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (Ms Hershey); Champaign-Urbana Public Health District, Champaign, Illinois (Ms Pryde); Public Health Preparedness (Mr Mwaungulu) and Environmental Health, Pandemic Preparedness and Catastrophic Response (Mr Roszak), National Association of County & City Health Officials, Washington, District of Columbia; and Rollins Student Government Association, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia (Ms Phifer). Correspondence: Andrew R. Roszak, JD, MPA, Environmental Health, Pandemic Preparedness and Catastrophic Response, National Association of County & City Health Officials, 1100 17th St NW 7th Floor, Washington, DC 20036 (firstname.lastname@example.org). Ms Hershey is a subawardee of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. She is also funded through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response. Mrs Roszak and Mwaungulu are paid through a cooperative agreement between the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Association of County & City Health Officials. Mr Mwaungulu is also funded through the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Preparedness and Response. The other authors declare no conflicts of interest. Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: March/April 2017 - Volume 23 - Issue 2 - p e25-e31 doi: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000000327 Buy Metrics Abstract The recent Ebola epidemic has put the words “isolation and quarantine” in the spotlight. Isolation and quarantine are tools that are often utilized by public health officials around the United States to address various types of infectious disease, including tuberculosis. While voluntary compliance is preferred, it can be difficult to achieve. In cases where an individual chooses not to voluntarily comply with an isolation or quarantine request, public health officials require assistance from the judiciary and law enforcement to effectuate the order. This article compares 2 recent court cases with different outcomes where public health officials sought assistance from the courts to enforce an isolation or quarantine order. Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.