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Out-of-School-Time Academic Programs Are Recommended to Improve Academic Achievement and Health Equity

 Community Preventive Services Task Force

Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: November/December 2015 - Volume 21 - Issue 6 - p 609–612
doi: 10.1097/PHH.0000000000000288
Original Articles
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The Community Preventive Services Task Force makes several recommendations for academically at-risk students: reading-focused out-of-school-time academic programs are recommended on the basis of strong evidence of effectiveness in improving the reading achievement of students in grade levels K-3. Mathematics-focused out-of-school-time academic programs are recommended on the basis of sufficient evidence of effectiveness in improving mathematics achievement. General out-of-school-time academic programs that do not focus on one specific subject are recommended on the basis of sufficient evidence of effectiveness in improving the reading and mathematics achievement. Out-of-school-time academic programs with minimal academic content have insufficient evidence to determine the effectiveness of these programs. Because academic achievement is linked with long-term health, and because out-of-school-time academic programs are commonly implemented in racial and ethnic and minority or low-income communities, these programs are likely to improve health equity.

This article reviews the Community Preventive Services Task Force recommendations for out-of-school-time academic programs to improve academic achievement and health equity.

Names and affiliations of Task Force members can be found at http://www.thecommunityguide.org/about/task-force-members.html.

Correspondence: Robert A. Hahn, PhD, Community Guide Branch, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, MS-E69, 1600 Clifton Rd, NE, Atlanta, GA 30329 (RHahn@cdc.gov).

No author has any conflict of interest or financial disclosure.

Copyright © 2015 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.