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Physician Awareness of Enhanced Prenatal Services for Medicaid-Insured Pregnant Women

Raffo, Jennifer E. MA; Gary, Monica MD; Forde, Gareth K. PhD, MD; Meghea, Cristian I. PhD; Roman, Lee Anne MSN, PhD

Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: March/April 2014 - Volume 20 - Issue 2 - p 236–239
doi: 10.1097/PHH.0b013e3182946611
Original Articles

Context: Medicaid enhanced prenatal service (EPS) programs, including care coordination, were developed to improve birth outcomes for low-income pregnant women. In Michigan, less than a third of eligible pregnant women are enrolled in services. Physician or medical clinics provide referrals to community-based EPS.

Objective: The objective of this study was to examine physician knowledge and perceptions of EPS.

Design: A cross-sectional survey of obstetric providers was conducted in 2009. A questionnaire was created to assess understanding of the EPS program.

Setting: The study was conducted in an urban Michigan community.

Participants: Participants included a convenience sample (N = 56) of community Obstetrics and Gynecology attending physicians and resident physicians within a single, large health system.

Main Outcome Measures: Outcome measures included knowledge of the program and patient participation, referral practices, perceptions of the program, value for patients and providers, appropriateness of physicians to provide program referrals, and barriers to referring.

Results: Findings indicated that most physicians (84%) had little familiarity with EPS, 60% did not personally refer to EPS, 54% did not know whether other office staff referred to EPS, and 65% were unaware whether their patients received EPS. Yet, more than 90% of physicians reported that EPS would benefit their patients and believed that it was appropriate for them to refer all their eligible patients.

Conclusion: Further efforts should be made to better understand how physicians and EPS providers could function together on behalf of patients. Statewide Medicaid-sponsored EPS programs could serve as a valuable patient and physician resource for psychosocial risk screening, care management, education, and referral support if better utilized.

This study examines physician knowledge and perceptions of the statewide Medicaid-sponsored enhanced prenatal service program in a large Michigan community. These programs could serve as a valuable patient/physician resource for psychosocial risk screening, care management, education, and referral support.

Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology, College of Human Medicine, Michigan State University, East Lansing (Ms Raffo, Drs Gary, Forde, Meghea and Roman); Grand Rapids Medical Education Partners, Grand Rapids, Michigan (Drs Gary and Forde); and Institute for Health Policy, Michigan State University, East Lansing (Dr Meghea).

Correspondence: Jennifer E. Raffo, MA, Michigan State University, College of Human Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology, 15 Michigan St, NE, Grand Rapids, MI 49503 (

This study was sponsored by Michigan Department of Community Health Medicaid Division in partnership with Michigan State University College of Human Medicine and Spectrum Health.

The authors report no conflicts of interest.

© 2014 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.