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Assessment of Dental Faculty, Staff, and Students on Knowledge of Health Effects Associated With Tobacco Use

Muzyka, Brian C. DMD, MS, MBA; Cropley, Lorelei D. RN, DrPH; Oertling, Karen M. RDH, MPH; Andrieu, Sandra C. RDH, PhD; Anderson, Peter B. PhD

Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: March-April 2009 - Volume 15 - Issue 2 - p 135–138
doi: 10.1097/01.PHH.0000346011.89769.e2
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Objectives This study examined the knowledge of the health effects associated with tobacco use among dental school faculty, staff, and students.

Methods A 30-item survey instrument was pilot-tested to ensure content validity prior to implementation. A total of 724 surveys were distributed through campus mail.

Results A total of 344 (47.51%) survey instruments were returned. 71.8 percent of respondents reported using tobacco sometime during their life, 21.8 percent had smoked at least one cigarette a day for the past 30 days, but only 8.4 percent considered themselves to be smokers. Of the 71.8% reported using tobacco sometime during their lifetime, 49.7 percent reported being very confident about their ability to quit using tobacco, 32.6 percent reported that it would be unlikely for their tobacco use to result in negative health effects, and 31.7 percent reported that they were not worried about negative health effects associated with tobacco use.

Conclusions This study reveals a lack of knowledge of dental school faculty, staff, and students on the negative personal health effects associated with tobacco use.

A study conducted to assess the knowledge of the dental faculty, staff, and students at the LSUHSC School of Dentistry on the negative health effects associated with smoking and tobacco use found their lack of knowledge regarding the same.

Brian C. Muzyka, DMD, MS, MBA, is Director, Division of Dentistry, and Associate Professor of Family Medicine, Brody School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina.

Lorelei D. Cropley, RN, DrPH, is Associate Professor and Chair, Department of Educational Leadership, Foundations, and Counseling, University of New Orleans, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Karen M. Oertling, RDH, MPH, is Former Associate Clinical Professor of General Dentistry at Health Sciences Center, School of Dentistry, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, Louisiana and the State of Louisiana Oral Health Director.

Sandra C. Andrieu, RDH, PhD, is Associate Dean and Professor, Health Sciences Center, School of Dentistry, Louisiana State University, New Orleans, Louisiana.

Peter B. Anderson, PhD, is Professor School of Counselling and Social Service College of Behavioral and Health Sciences Walden University Minneapolis.

Corresponding Author: Brian C. Muzyka, DMD, MS, MBA, Family Medicine Center, Brody School of Medicine, 600 Moye Blvd, Greenville, NC 27834 (muzykab@ecu.edu).

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.