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Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Infant Mortality: Risk in Social Context

Lane Sandra D.; Cibula, Donald A.; Milano, Llamara Padro; Shaw, Maizie; Bourgeois, Barbara; Schweitzer, Florence; Steiner, Cara; Dygert, Karen; DeMott, Kathy; Wilson, Katya; Gregg, Renee; Webster, Noah; Milton, Duane; Aubry, Richard; Novick, Lloyd F.
Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: May 2001
Racial and Ethnic Disparities in Infant Mortality: PDF Only

This article presents the multifaceted efforts of Syracuse Healthy Start, a federally funded initiative of the Onondaga County Health Department and over 20 partnering agencies to reduce racial and ethnic disparities in infant mortality. The analyses presented in this article demonstrate that many women—Caucasian, African American, and Hispanic—have serious risks for low birth weight and infant death. In many cases, multiple, simultaneous risks complicate a pregnant woman's situation and in other cases the longitudinal cumulative risks impact health across generations. Infant mortality decreased overall, and for both Caucasian and African American infants during the first 3 years of the project.

* Onondaga County Health Department, Syracuse, New York;

†Family Ties Network, Inc., Syracuse, New York;

‡Syracuse Community Health Center, Syracuse, New York;

§SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York

© Aspen Publishers, Inc.