Original Article: PDF OnlyBrownson Ross C. PhD; Gurney, James G. PhD; Land, Garland H. MPHJournal of Public Health Management and Practice: September 1999 - p 86-97 Buy Abstract A stronger focus on evidence-based decision making in day-to-day public health practice is needed. This article describes the rationale for this need, including (1) the inter-relationships between evidence-based medicine and evidence-based public health (EBPH); (2) commonly used analytic tools and processes; (3) keys to when public health action is warranted; (4) a strategic, six-step approach to more analytic decision making; and (5) summary barriers and opportunities for widespread implementation of EBPH. The approach outlined is being tested through a series of courses for mid-level managers in the Missouri Department of Health—initial results from a pilot test are encouraging. It is hoped that the greater use of an evidence-based framework in public health will lead to more effective programs. © Aspen Publishers, Inc.