In the era of quality management in clinical laboratories, method validation can be a challenge without appropriate guidelines, such as in the field of pharmacogenetics. The present work describes a method validation for DNA extraction and CYP3A5*3 genotyping, which would meet ISO15189:2012 requirements.
DNA extraction was performed using a QIAamp DSP DNA Blood kit, DNA purity and concentration were determined using a Nanodrop, and the genotyping assay was a real-rime PCR using TaqMan reagents. Validation criteria were similar to those usually verified when validating methods in the analytical field: specificity, sensitivity, cross-over contamination, stability of reagents, robustness, lower and upper limits of detection, and between-run and within-run precisions. A comparison to alternate or reference methods was also performed (i.e. QiAamp kit versus DNA extractor and TaqMan genotyping versus Sanger sequencing). Each validation step is described from the pharmacogenetic point of view, as well as acceptance criteria for both DNA extraction [i.e. concentration relative SD (RSD) below 25%, verified purity, and no DNA in blank samples] and genotyping assay (i.e. specificity and diagnostic sensitivity, RSD of mean threshold cycle below 15%, no amplification in blank samples).
Concerning CYP3A5 genotyping following a DNA extraction described as an example, validation criteria were met, allowing routine use of this analytical process. Cost estimation of the overall validation procedure was approximately 290 euros, concerning reagents and consumables.
This work aims to provide a reference for method validation for pharmacogenetic analysis using real-time PCR to detect single nucleotide polymorphisms, in accordance with ISO15189:2012.