Several genetic factors were identified to be responsible for interidividual variability in tacrolimus (TAC) pharmacokinetics, with the predominant role of CYP3A5 and CYP3A4 polymorphisms. In this study, genetic variants of NR1I2 and NR1I3 nuclear receptors (responsible for the regulation of drug-metabolizing enzymes and transporters at the transcriptional level) were evaluated for their potential association with altered TAC concentrations.
Materials and methods
Two hundred and forty White kidney transplant patients were genotyped for five single-nucleotide polymorphisms (rs3814055, rs6785049, rs2276707, rs2307424, and rs2307418) in NR1I2 and NR1I3 genes. Genetic data were analyzed in relation to TAC dose-adjusted trough concentration measured 6 months after transplantation (unadjusted and adjusted for patient’s CYP3A5 expresser status).
There were significant differences in TAC concentrations between patients with different NR1I2 rs3814055:C>T genotypes (mean values: 121.3 ng/ml mg/kg in major CC homozygotes, 169.6 ng/ml mg/kg in CT heterozygotes, and 186.0 ng/ml mg/kg in patients homozygous for the minor T allele) that remained significant after excluding CYP3A5 expressers from analysis. The TAC dose administered to minor T allele carriers (CT or TT genotype) was significantly lower (~22%) compared with CC homozygotes. For all the other loci analyzed, no significant associations were noted.
Our results support the previous data on the functionality of NR1I2 rs3814055 single-nucleotide polymorphism that points to its association with interindividual differences in activity and inducibility of a broad range of drug-metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters.