To study whether NOS1AP single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), rs10494366 T>G and rs10918594 C>G, modify the heart-rate-corrected QT (QTc) prolonging effect of calcium channel blockers.
Common variation in the NOS1AP gene has been associated with QT interval variation in several large population samples. NOS1 is presumed to influence intracellular calcium.
The prospective population-based Rotterdam Study includes 16 603 ECGs from 7565 participants (≥55 years), after exclusion of patients with left ventricular hypertrophy, left and right bundle branch block, as well as carriers of pacemakers. The endpoint was the length of the QTc interval in calcium channel blocker users and non-users with the minor alleles compared with the major alleles (wild type). We used a repeated-measurement analysis, adjusted for all known confounders.
Use of verapamil was associated with a significant QTc interval prolongation [6.0 ms 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.7; 10.2] compared with non-users. Furthermore, users of verapamil with the rs10494366 GG genotype showed significantly more QTc prolongation than users with the TT genotype [25.4 ms (95% CI: 5.9–44.9)] (P value for multiplicative interaction 0.0038). Users of isradipine with the GG genotype showed more QTc prolongation than users with the TT genotype [19.8 ms (95% CI: 1.9–37.7)]; however, SNP rs10494366 did not modify the effect on QTc interval on a multiplicative scale (P=0.3563). SNP rs10918594 showed similar results.
In conclusion, we showed that the minor alleles of both NOS1AP SNPs significantly potentiate the QTc prolonging effect of verapamil.