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Dahl Marja-Liisa; Yue, Qun-Ying; Roh, Hyung-Keun; Johansson, Inger; Sawe, Juliette; Sjoqvist, Folke; Bertilsson, Leif
Pharmacogenetics: June 1995
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The CYP2D6 genotype and the debrisoquine and mephenytoin hydroxylation phenotypes were studied in 63 Oriental subjects including 21 Chinese, 21 Japanese and 21 Koreans. All subjects were extensive metabolizers of debrisoquine. The incidence of the S-mephenytoin poor metabolizer phenotype was 14% in the Chinese, 24% in the Japanese and 24% in the Korean population, respectively, which is similar to previous reports. The CYP2D6 genotype was analysed by Xba I and Eco RI RFLP, and by allele-specific PCR analysis for the presence of several allelic variants of the CYP2D locus. No CYP2D6A or CYP2D6B alleles, two of the most common defect alleles among Caucasians, were found among the Oriental subjects. The frequency of the CYP2D6D allele was similar to that in Caucasian populations and consistent with the low incidence of the poor metabolizer phenotype in all three Oriental populations. The CYP2D6L2-allele with duplication of an active CYP2D6L gene was identified in one Korean and one Chinese allele in association with high CYP2D6 activity. The CYP2D6Ch alleles CYP2D6Ch2 and Ch2, identified by RFLP and PCR for the -1338C ----> T and 188C ----> T mutations, were the most frequent allelic variants in all three populations studied, and were related to a decreased CYP2D6 activity as previously shown in Chinese. In conclusion, the present pilot study revealed major similarities in the polymorphic CYP2D locus between Korean, Japanese and Chinese populations.

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