ABSTRACTS: Oral Presentation Abstracts
Introduction: Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa are main classifications of Eating Disorders and occur especially in female adolescents and early adulthood. A stereotype associated to the Eating Disorders has shown that white female adolescents and European female descendants are the main population that develops these disorders. However, many studies demonstrated how the incidence of Anorexia and Bulimia Nervosa has increased in some ethnic minorities, such as African-American and Spanish. The purpose of the study is to make a consistent review of articles that examine the incidence of these disorders in diverse populations.
Methods: The article conduced a vast literature review both on text books and in cientific journals, pulished from 1996 until 2003.
Results: The incidence of the Eating Disorders has increased all over the world, especially in countries where the western culture and the beauty ideals of thinness were over valuated. According to some studies conduced in Europe, among others, it was possible to observe an increase on the Eating disorders. In a study conduced in Ukraine with women between 18 and 60 years, 53,7% desired to be thinner. A study in Taiwan showed that 68,6% of female college students who in a severely underweight category and 76,5% of the underweight category expressed plans for losing weight.In Hong Kong a study compared body satisfaction between adolescents of both genders and concluded that girls had more body dissatisfaction, feelings and pressute to diet.
Conclusion: Due to an increasing incidence of Eating Disorders all over the world, more studies should be conduced, not only to assess the real incidence of these disorders, but also to create prevention and education programs to the population in risk.
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