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The Accuracy of a Home-performed Faecal Calprotectin Test in Paediatric Patients With Inflammatory Bowel Disease

Lerchova, Tereza; Hradsky, Ondrej; Copova, Ivana; Potuznikova, Kristyna; Gonsorcikova, Lucie; Bronsky, Jiri

Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: July 2019 - Volume 69 - Issue 1 - p 75–81
doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000002331
Original Articles: Gastroenterology: Inflammatory Bowel Disease
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Objectives: Owing to the invasiveness of endoscopy, the use of biomarkers, especially faecal calprotectin (FC), has become standard for remission assessment. This study aimed to compare the accuracy for detection of endoscopic activity using recently developed FC home test using smartphone application (FC-IBDoc) against standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

Methods: In all, 102 consecutive observations (89 participants) were included in prospective observational study. FC-IBDoc was performed parallelly with FC-ELISA in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease indicated for endoscopy. Both tests were performed by trained staff. Mucosal healing was defined using Simple Endoscopic Score for Crohn disease (CD) ≤2 in patients with CD (n = 44), ulcerative colitis (UC) Endoscopic Index of Severity ≤4 in patients with UC (n = 27) and Rutgeerts score i0 and i1 without colon involvement in patients with CD after ileocaecal resection (n = 19).

Results: Out of 102 endoscopic findings 23 were assessed as mucosal healing. We found an association of the mucosal healing scores of the entire group both with FC-ELISA (P = 0.002) and FC-IBDoc (P = 0.001). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for FC-ELISA was 0.883 (95% confidence interval 0.807–0.960), with optimal cut-off at 136.5 μg/g. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve for FC-IBDoc was 0.792 (95% confidence interval 0.688–0.895) with optimal cut-off at 48 μg/g. The FC-ELISA was more accurate than FC-IBDoc when tested by a Delong test (P = 0.023).

Conclusions: Standard FC-ELISA for FC evaluation is more reliable predictor of mucosal healing than the FC-IBDoc in paediatric patients with inflammatory bowel disease. The cut-off values for both tests were incongruous.

Department of Paediatrics, 2nd Faculty of Medicine, Charles University and Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic.

Address correspondence and reprint requests to Tereza Lerchova, MD, University Hospital Motol, Second Faculty of Medicine, V Uvalu 84, Prague 5, 150 06, Czech Republic (e-mail: terezadrskova@gmail.com).

Received 21 December, 2018

Accepted 24 February, 2019

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text, and links to the digital files are provided in the HTML text of this article on the journal's Web site (www.jpgn.org).

This work was supported by the Grant Agency of Charles University in Prague (grant numbers 364617, 246216) and by Ministry of Health, Czech Republic—conceptual development of research organization, Motol University Hospital, Prague, Czech Republic (00064203).

T.L. reports personal fees from Nutricia, outside the submitted work. O.H. reports personal fees from Abbvie, MSD, Nestlé, Nutricia, Ferring, and Falk, outside the submitted work. I.C. has nothing to disclose. K.P. reports personal fees from Nestlé, Nutricia, and Mead Johnson, outside the submitted work. L.G. reports personal fees from Nutricia and Nestlé, outside the submitted work. J.B. reports personal fees and nonfinancial support from AbbVie, Nutricia, Biocodex, personal fees from MSD, Nestlé, Ferring, and Walmark, outside the submitted work.

Supplemental digital content is available for this article. Direct URL citations appear in the printed text and are provided in the HTML and PDF versions of this article on the journal's Website (www.jpgn.org).

© 2019 by European Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition and North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology,