The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess immune response to vaccination in children and young people with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). In patients with IBDs, both the disease itself and its treatment can affect the vaccine response.
Medical databases were searched for relevant studies and statistical analysis was performed. As a result, 20 publications were included in the study, 9 of which met the criteria for the meta-analysis.
The immune response to vaccination was better in healthy subjects (odds ratio = 0.73, 95% confidence interval = 0.45–1.17) and patients without immunosuppressive treatment (odds ratio = 0.65, 95% confidence interval = 0.41–1.03), but did not reach statistical significance.
Immunogenicity of vaccinations in children and young people with IBD is not significantly lower than it is in healthy ones. Immune response to vaccination in this group of patients is also not significantly lower in patients on immunosuppressive therapy than in those without it.