A few studies have shown that esophageal air events (EAEs), such as air-swallows
, may be associated with symptoms that have historically been associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). To objectively test a hypothesis that all EAE types (air-swallows
, supragastric belches and gastric belches) can be associated with GERD-like symptoms, we removed the impedance “tags” from the GER episodes (placed during autoscan) and instead tagged either air-swallows
, supragastric belches or gastric belches in each of 3 copies of the 24-hour impedance tracing for 2 infant patients who presented with symptoms suggestive of GER as an etiology. Impedance system software (MMS) analyses revealed that, in both infants, all EAE types were significantly associated (SAP >95%) with 1 or more of the GERD-like symptom types (cough, pain/crying, back-arching, and gagging). These data underscore the importance of considering other diagnoses when developing management strategies for treating GERD-like symptoms in infants.