Original Article: PDF OnlyGrowth and Metabolic Responses in Low-Birth-Weight Infants Fed Human Milk Fortified with Human Milk Protein or with a Bovine Milk Protein PreparationMoro, G. E.; Minoli, I.; Fulconis, F.; Clementi, M.; Räihä, N. C. R.*Author Information Department of Perinatal Pathology, Provincial Maternity Hospital, Milan, Italy *Department of Pediatrics, University of Lund, Malmö, Sweden Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: August 1991 - Volume 13 - Issue 2 - p 150-154 Free Abstract Unfortified human milk does not normally provide enough protein to secure maximal growth in low-body-weight (LBW) infants. Due to the practical difficulties in obtaining human milk protein (HMP), a bovine milk protein preparation (BMP) was designed by computer calculation to contain as close as possible the amino acid composition of the nutritionally available human milk proteins. Twenty-one AGA, LBW infants (BW of 1,180 to 1,600 g, GA of 27 to 33 weeks) were randomly assigned to be fed HM enriched either with HMP (9 infants) or BMP (12 infants). When full volume intake (170 ml/kg/day) was reached, the protein intakes were 3.6 ± 0.5 and 3.3 ± 0.3 g/kg/day, respectively, in the two diet groups. During the study period of 24 days, the infants achieved intrauterine or better weight gains: 32.9 ± 3.3 g/day (17.7 ± 1.9 g/kg/day) in the HMP group and 34.7 ± 7.3 g/day (18.3 ± 3.5 g/kg/day) in the BMP group. Serum urea nitrogen, acid-base status, and albumin values were normal and similar in both groups of infants. Plasma concentrations of total essential and total amino acids at the end of the study were 3,999 and 1,539 μmol/L and 3,899 and 1,422 μmol/L in the HMP and the BMP groups, respectively. The concentrations of all individual plasma amino acids were similar in both feeding groups. These results show that feeding human milk fortified with a modified bovine milk protein preparation produces satisfactory growth and a plasma amino acid profile similar to that found in LBW infants fed exclusively human milk protein at similar intakes. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.