Original Articles: PDF OnlyForget P.; Lombet, J.; Grandfils, C.; Dandrifosse, G.; Geubelle, F.Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition: December 1985 - p 868-872 Free Abstract The definition of “insufficient” small bowel lactase activity varies greatly among authors. The present study is aimed at redefining lactase insufficiency by comparing intestinal lactase activity and results of the lactose breath hydrogen test. Primary “insufficient” lactase activity was considered to be present when a child with a normal small bowel histology showed lactose malabsorption as measured by the lactose breath hydrogen test. The lactase activity of 22 “normal” children ranged from 0.77 to 4.57 U/g wet weight, while five children showed primary lactase insufficiency as defined above. Small bowel lactase activity in the latter patients was <0.74 U/g wet weight. Sucrase and maltase activities were similar in both groups of patients. We conclude that children with a normal small bowel histology should be considered to have primary lactase insufficiency when small bowel lactase activity is below 0.75 U/g wet weight. © Lippincott-Raven Publishers.