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Perceptions of Posthysterectomy Cystoscopy Training in Obstetrics and Gynecology Residency Programs

Jacobs, Kristin M. MD; Hernandez, Lauren H. MD; Thomas, Tonya N. MD; Waddell, Leslie M. MD; Kavic, Suzanne M. MD; Graziano, Scott C. MD

Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery: March/April 2015 - Volume 21 - Issue 2 - p 66–69
doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000000138
Original Articles

Objective The objective of this study was to characterize the training practices of obstetrics and gynecology (OG) residency programs regarding posthysterectomy cystoscopy.

Methods Two separate electronic surveys were sent to program directors and residents at American Council of Graduate Medical Education–accredited OG programs. Measures included the type of cystoscopy training available, estimates on indications and how often posthysterectomy cystoscopy is performed, and exposure to female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery (FPMRS).

Results Sixty-one (26%) of 235 program directors and 394 (29.7%) of 1325 residents completed the survey. The majority of residents (95%) who received training reported having experience with cystoscopy in the operating room. Residents with FPMRS fellowships were more likely to perform routine cystoscopy after hysterectomy during their training compared with residents without fellowships (39% vs 27%, P = 0.01). Residents graduating from programs with FMPRS fellowships reported they planned to always perform routine cystoscopy more often than did those without a fellowship program (30.3% vs 17%, P = 0.01).

Program directors most frequently defined competency as direct observation of the procedure (95%), followed by the number performed (53%) and a competency checklist (45%). No significant differences were noted in the reported use of routine cystoscopy by program directors after hysterectomy, with or without a fellowship program (62% vs 48%, P = 0.38).

Conclusions Residents in OG programs are receiving cystoscopy training, most commonly in the operating room, less often with simulation. Nineteen percent reported receiving no training. Graduating residents exposed to FPMRS fellowships more frequently reported planning to always perform cystoscopy after hysterectomy than did those without fellowship exposure.

Majority of residents in OG programs are receiving cystoscopy training, most commonly in the operating room and less often with simulation.

From the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, IL.

Reprints: Kristin M. Jacobs, MD, Loyola University Medical Center, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 2160 S First Ave, Maywood, IL 60153. E-mail:

The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.

No financial support was received for this study.

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