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Committee Opinion: Evaluation of Uncomplicated Stress Urinary Incontinence in Women Before Surgical Treatment

American Urogynecologic Society and American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery: September/October 2014 - Volume 20 - Issue 5 - p 248–251
doi: 10.1097/SPV.0000000000000113
Committee Opinion

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI) is a condition of involuntary loss of urine on effort, physical exertion, sneezing, or coughing that is often bothersome to the patient and frequently affects quality of life. When women are evaluated for SUI, counseling about treatment should begin with conservative options. The minimum evaluation before primary midurethral sling surgery in women with symptoms of SUI includes the following 6 steps: (1) history, (2) urinalysis, (3) physical examination, (4) demonstration of stress incontinence, (5) assessment of urethral mobility, and (6) measurement of postvoid residual urine volume. For women with uncomplicated SUI in whom conservative treatment has failed and who desire midurethral sling surgery, evidence indicates that the performance of preoperative multichannel urodynamic testing versus a basic evaluation does not affect treatment outcomes. However, women who have complicated SUI may benefit from multichannel urodynamic testing and other diagnostic tests before initiation of treatment, especially surgery. Clinical judgment should guide the health care provider’s decision to perform preoperative multichannel urodynamic testing or to refer to a specialist with appropriate training and experience in female pelvic medicine and reconstructive surgery.

From the Committee on Gynecologic Practice, American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, Washington, DC.

This document reflects emerging clinical and scientific advances as of the date issued and is subject to change. The information should not be construed as dictating an exclusive course of treatment or procedure to be followed.

The authors have declared they have no conflicts of interest.

Published in the June 2014 issue of Obstetrics & Gynecology. Copyright June 2014 by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists, 409 12th Street, SW, PO Box 96920, Washington, DC 20090-6920. All rights reserved. ISSN 1074-861X. Evaluation of uncomplicated stress urinary incontinence in women before surgical treatment. Committee Opinion No. 603. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Obstet Gynecol 2014;123:1403–7.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins