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Urinary Tract Infections

Grimes, Cara L. MD; Lukacz, Emily S. MD, MAS

Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery: November-December 2011 - Volume 17 - Issue 6 - p 272-278
doi: 10.1097/SPV.0b013e318237b99d
Fellows Lecture Series

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are prevalent and an important topic for the urogynecologist. In this article, we review important definitions, the pathophysiology, and identifiable risk factors for UTI. In addition, the evaluation and management of UTIs is summarized. Finally, attention is focused on UTIs in special populations, including pregnant, hospitalized, and postoperative patients. The latest recommendations from the urologic, infectious disease, gynecologic, and systematic review literature are discussed.

Important definitions, pathophysiology, risk factors, evaluation and management of urinary tract infections are reviewed.

From the Division of Female Pelvic Medicine and Reconstructive Surgery, Department of Reproductive Medicine, University of California San Diego Health System, La Jolla, CA.

Reprints: Cara L. Grimes, MD, UCSD, Women's Pelvic Medicine Center, 9350 Campus Point Dr, Suite 2A, La Jolla, CA 92037. E-mail:

The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.

© 2011 by Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins