From the ∗Institute of General Practice, Goethe University Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany
†Aktionsbündnis Patientensicherheit e.V., Berlin, Germany
‡Techniker Krankenkasse, Hamburg, Germany
§Ärztliches Zentrum für Qualität in der Medizin, Berlin, Germany
∥Kassenärztliche Vereinigung Westfalen-Lippe, Dortmund, Germany
¶Asklepios Kliniken GmbH & Co. KGaA, Hamburg, Germany
∗∗Swiss Patient Safety Foundation, Zürich, Switzerland
††Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM), University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.
Correspondence: Beate S. Müller, MD, Institute of General Practice, Goethe University Frankfurt, Theodor-Stern-Kai 7, 60590 Frankfurt am Main, Germany (e-mail: [email protected]).
Funding: This study was funded by the Innovation Fund of the German Federal Joint Committee (grant number 01VSF16021). The institutions of B.S.M., D.L., D.S., T.B., M.P., H.M., K.R., C.T., R.S., M.B., R. Hecker, and F.M.G. received this grant. The funder played no role in designing the study; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; or in writing the manuscript.
The other authors disclose no conflict of interest.
Contributions: B.S.M., D.L., D.S., T.B., M.P., H.M., K.R., C.T., R.S., A.K., R. Heuzeroth, M.B., D.S., and F.M.G. contributed toward study concept and design. B.S.M., D.L., D.S., T.B., M.P., H.M., K.R., C.T., R.S., A.K., R. Heuzeroth, M.B., D.S., and R. Hecker contributed toward data collection. B.S.M. and D.L. analyzed the data. D.L. and B.S.M. wrote the first draft of the manuscript and critically edited revisions to it. All authors commented on the manuscript and successive drafts to it. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.
Ethical approval: The CIRSforte project was presented to the responsible ethics committee and approved (business no. 185/17).
Patient consent: Not required.