Children with complex medical needs are increasing in number and demanding the services of pediatric long-term care facilities (pLTC), which require a focus on patient safety culture (PSC). However, no tool to measure PSC has been tested in this unique hybrid acute care–residential setting. The objective of this study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture tool slightly modified for use in the pLTC setting.
Factor analyses were performed on data collected from 239 staff at 3 pLTC in 2012. Items were screened by principal axis factoring, and the original structure was tested using confirmatory factor analysis. Exploratory factor analysis was conducted to identify the best model fit for the pLTC data, and factor reliability was assessed by Cronbach alpha.
The extracted, rotated factor solution suggested items in 4 (staffing, nonpunitive response to mistakes, communication openness, and organizational learning) of the original 12 dimensions may not be a good fit for this population. Nevertheless, in the pLTC setting, both the original and the modified factor solutions demonstrated similar reliabilities to the published consistencies of the survey when tested in adult nursing homes and the items factored nearly identically as theorized.
This study demonstrates that the Nursing Home Survey on Patient Safety Culture with minimal modification may be an appropriate instrument to measure PSC in pLTC settings. Additional psychometric testing is recommended to further validate the use of this instrument in this setting, including examining the relationship to safety outcomes. Increased use will yield data for benchmarking purposes across these specialized settings to inform frontline workers and organizational leaders of areas of strength and opportunity for improvement.
From the *Columbia University School of Nursing, New York, New York.
Correspondence: Amanda Hessels, RN, MPH, PhD, Columbia University, 617 W 168th St, Room 330, New York, NY, 10032 (e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org).
Amanda Hessels was supported as a postdoctoral trainee by the National Institute of Nursing Research, National Institutes of Health (Training in Interdisciplinary Research to Prevent Infections), T32 NR013454. This study was part of a larger parent project funded by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Keep it Clean for Kids (KICK), R01HS021470). The other authors disclose no conflict of interest.