From the ∗John Goligher Department of Colorectal Surgery, Leeds Teaching Hospital Trust, St. James’s University Hospital
†Division of Surgery and Interventional Science, University College London
‡Centre for Patient Safety and Service Quality, London, United Kingdom.
Correspondence: Joshua R. Burke, MBcHB, BSc, MRCS, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust Research and Innovation Department Leeds, 7.19 Clinical Sciences Building, St. James’s Teaching Hospital Beckett Street, Leeds LS9 7TF, United Kingdom (e-mail: [email protected]).
The authors disclose no conflict of interest.
The center for patient safety and service quality is supported by the UK National Institute for Health Research (NIHR). A.A. and C.D. are in receipt of funding from the NIHR for research into patient safety. The NIHR had no role in the study design, writing of the report, or the decision to submit the article for publication. Researchers had complete independence from A.A.’s funders.
Medical Subject Headings do not exist for failure to rescue.
A.A. and J.B. conceived the study. J.B. drafted the manuscript, and C.D. and A.A. critically revised the manuscript.