Psychometric Properties of Korean Version of the Second Victim Experience and Support Tool (K-SVEST) : Journal of Patient Safety

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Psychometric Properties of Korean Version of the Second Victim Experience and Support Tool (K-SVEST)

Kim, Eun-Mi RN, MSN∗,†; Kim, Sun-Aee RN, MSN∗,‡; Lee, Ju-Ry RN, MSN∗,§; Burlison, Jonathan D. PhD; Oh, Eui Geum RN, FAAN, PhD

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Journal of Patient Safety 16(3):p 179-186, September 2020. | DOI: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000466



“Second victims” are defined as healthcare professionals whose wellness is influenced by adverse clinical events. The Second Victim Experience and Support Tool (SVEST) was used to measure the second-victim experience and quality of support resources. Although the reliability and validity of the original SVEST have been validated, those for the Korean tool have not been validated. The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychometric properties of the Korean version of the SVEST.


The study included 305 clinical nurses as participants. The SVEST was translated into Korean via back translation. Content validity was assessed by seven experts, and test-retest reliability was evaluated by 30 clinicians. Internal consistency and construct validity were assessed via confirmatory factor analysis. The analyses were performed using SPSS 23.0 and STATA 13.0 software.


The content validity index value demonstrated validity; item- and scale-level content validity index values were both 0.95. Test-retest reliability and internal consistency reliability were satisfactory: the intraclass consistent coefficient was 0.71, and Cronbach α values ranged from 0.59 to 0.87. The CFA showed a significantly good fit for an eight-factor structure (χ2 = 578.21, df = 303, comparative fit index = 0.92, Tucker-Lewis index = 0.90, root mean square error of approximation = 0.05).


The K-SVEST demonstrated good psychometric properties and adequate validity and reliability. The results showed that the Korean version of SVEST demonstrated the extent of second victimhood and support resources in Korean healthcare workers and could aid in the development of support programs and evaluation of their effectiveness.

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