Acute kidney injury is a low-volume, high-risk complication in trauma patients and is associated with prolonged hospital length of stay and increased mortality. Yet, no audit tools exist to evaluate acute kidney injury in trauma patients.
This study aimed to describe the iterative development of an audit tool to evaluate acute kidney injury following trauma.
Our performance improvement nurses developed an audit tool to evaluate acute kidney injury in trauma patients using an iterative, multiphase process conducted from 2017 to 2021, which included a review of our Trauma Quality Improvement Program data, trauma registry data, literature review, multidisciplinary consensus approach, retrospective and concurrent review, and continuous audit and feedback for piloted and finalized versions of the tool.
The final acute kidney injury audit tool can be completed within 30 min using data obtained from the electronic medical record and consists of six sections, including identification criteria, source potential causes, source treatment, acute kidney injury treatment, dialysis indications, and outcome status.
The iterative development and testing of an acute kidney injury audit tool improved the uniform data collection, documentation, audit, and feedback of best practices to positively impact patient outcomes.