Trauma centers are required to have immediate availability of resources to stabilize traumatic injuries. However, maintaining trauma room organization can be challenging in the fast turnaround environment of trauma care. Implementation of 5S methodology has shown success in standardizing processes to maintain organized, efficient workspaces.
The purpose of this study was to assess the implementation of 5S methodology on trauma resuscitation room organization, efficiency, and cost-effectiveness.
This quality improvement pre- and postintervention study assessed the impact of 5S methodology on trauma resuscitation room organization. A 20-question survey was developed and administered to emergency department technicians before and after a multiphase intervention that included strategies for room reorganization, improved signage, creation of workstations, education, and implementation of a log sheet system. A final cost analysis was evaluated upon completion.
Emergency department technicians completed n = 26 presurveys and n = 19 postsurveys. Room organization improved from preintervention 31% to postintervention 89%. Restocking with a checklist improved from 46% preintervention to 63% postintervention. A cost analysis summary identified 130 overstocked items equaling a total cost savings of $4,026.82.
The 5S methodology improved trauma bay organization by sorting, organizing, standardizing, labeling, and color coding resuscitation supplies based on the ABCDE (airway, breathing, circulation, disability, and exposure) of the primary survey. Additional strategies included improved signage, workspace reorganization, staff education, and checklist restocking accountability. The 5S implementation resulted in significant cost savings.