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Evaluation of an After-Hours Child Passenger Safety Resource Guide

Pollok, Lindsay J. MPH; Barczyk, Amanda N. PhD, MSW; Piper, Karen BS; Burg, Brianna MSN, RN, CPNP-AC/PC; Garcia, Nilda M. MD

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000465

Motor vehicle crashes are a leading cause of unintentional injury deaths for children in the United States. Child safety seats are effective in reducing the rate and severity of injury for children. Families seen in an emergency department (ED) outside of injury prevention (IP) operational hours may not have the same opportunity to obtain a child safety seat due to the unavailability of IP resources. This study evaluated the effectiveness of a resource guide that assists the ED staff to screen and provide the appropriate child safety seat. Two retrospective cohort analyses were conducted to assess the following: (1) patients seen in the ED who were eligible to be screened through the resource guide; and (2) patients who were screened and received a restraint system through the resource guide. Records for both cohorts were reviewed from May 1, 2015, to February 29, 2016. Descriptive statistics were used to describe each cohort. In Cohort 1, 10.6% of the 113 patients meeting criteria were screened for a restraint system. In Cohort 2, 20 patients received a restraint system through the resource guide and 90% of these received the appropriate restraint system for their age and weight. Our results demonstrate the need for an algorithm to increase consistency of the resource guide's utilization. Algorithm development to identify screening candidates, further refinement of the guide's restraint identification process, and staff training may improve this tool to ensure that all patients, despite the availability of IP staff, are screened for the appropriate child safety seat.

Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, Austin (Mss Pollok and Burg and Dr Garcia); and Dell Children's Trauma and Injury Research Center, Austin, Texas (Dr Barczyk and Ms Piper).

Correspondence: Lindsay J. Pollok, MPH, Dell Children's Medical Center of Central Texas, 4900 Mueller Blvd, Austin, TX 78723 (

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2019 by the Society of Trauma Nurses.