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Epidemiological Characteristics and Overall Burden of Accidental Injuries in Navarra, Spain

Epidemiology of Injuries in Children

Ferraz-Torres, Marta PhD; Belzunegui-Otano, Tomás PhD; Martínez-García, Oscar MD; Iriarte-Cerdán, Laura RN; Salgado-Reguero, Esther RN

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000222
RESEARCH
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Injuries caused by accidents or violent situations in pediatric patients are a serious social problem where prevention plays a key role. The aim of this study was to describe the epidemiological situation of pediatric injuries in Spain. A prospective study of pediatric patients receiving care in the Emergency Service of the Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra due to for reasons of accidental injury was conducted. The study covered a period of 1 year and assessed a total of 16 variables. There were a total of 8,876 patients, of whom 56.4% were males. Traumatic injuries such as fractures and craniocerebral trauma were identified as the most frequent injuries, occurring as a result of injuries mainly in the home. In females, there was a decrease in the incidence of injuries related to age. There was a greater incidence at the end of the day, during the weekend, and in the months of March to October. The epidemiological profile of pediatric patients who met with accidents in Navarra, Spain, is described. The knowledge of the main areas and factors related to injuries allows us to improve preventive measures, which would contribute to better control in this region of Spain.

Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra B, Pamplona, Navarra, Spain.

Correspondence: Marta Ferraz-Torres, PhD, Complejo Hospitalario de Navarra B, c/irunlarrea s/n, 31008, Pamplona, Navarra, España (Martaf342@gmail.com).

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2016 by the Society of Trauma Nurses.