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Trauma Nurses' Experience of Workplace Violence and Threats: Short- and Long-Term Consequences in a Swedish Setting

Avander, Karin RN, CNS; Heikki, Anna RN, CNS; Bjerså, Kristofer RN, PhD; Engström, My RN, PhD

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000186
RESEARCH

Violence in health care is increasing globally and Sweden is no exception. Still, this topic is sparsely studied in the Swedish trauma care setting. This focus group study examined nurses' experience of violence and threats, and their consequences. The content analysis revealed two main categories, threatening situations and consequences, which led to a change in priorities in nursing care in order to avoid a potential violent situation. Furthermore, negative stress among the staff and greater vigilance and unwillingness to be near the patient resulted in altered communication and, in the end, a decreased quality of nursing care.

Department of Surgery (Ms Avander and Ms Heikki), Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden; Division of Nursing Science (Dr Bjerså), Department of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Linköping, Linköping, and Department of Surgery, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden; and Department of Gastrosurgical Research and Education (Dr Engström), Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden.

Correspondence: My Engström, RN, PhD, Department of Gastrosurgical Research and Education, Institute of Clinical Sciences, Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg, Sweden (my.engstrom@vgregion.se).

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards.

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Copyright © 2016 by the Society of Trauma Nurses.