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Performed Surgical Interventions After the 1999 Marmara Earthquake in Turkey, and Their Importance Regarding Nursing Practices

Gul, Asiye PhD; Andsoy, Isil Isik PhD

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000136

Effectively dealing with earthquakes is especially important for the people who live in areas prone to earthquakes such as the country of Turkey. Trauma related to earthquakes has specific relevance to nursing practice. The purpose of this review was to describe the types of surgical interventions after the Marmara earthquake and to evaluate the implications for nursing care. English and Turkish articles about the Marmara earthquake were reviewed between May and July 2013. A total of 7 studies were evaluated. The number of patients admitted to the units, types of injuries, and surgical treatments were recorded, with a total of 2378 patients with earthquake-related injuries. The most commonly traumatized parts of the body were the extremities. Fasciotomy operations were performed on 286 patients and 75 patients underwent extremity amputations. Predetermining surgical problems and interventions may be useful in planning for possible future problems in the case of a disaster.

Faculty of Health Science (Mrs Gul), Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey; and School of Health (Mrs Andsoy), Karabuk University, Karabuk, Turkey.

Correspondence: Asiye Gul, PhD, Faculty of Health Science, Istanbul University, Demirkapı Cad. Karabal Sk. Bakırköy Ruh ve Sinir Hastalıkları Hastanesi Bahçesi içi, 34740 Bakırköy, Istanbul, Turkey (

Author Contribution: Mmes Gul and Andsoy have contributed to study design, data collection, drafting of manuscript, critical revisions for important intellectual content, supervision, technical, and material support. Mrs Gul has also contributed to literature research.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2015 by the Society of Trauma Nurses.