To identify the scope, context, and impact on patient and health service outcomes of the specialist trauma nurse. Integrative review with data sourced from CINAHL, OvidSP, Scopus, and hand searching of references. Abstracts were screened for inclusion/exclusion criteria with 56 articles appraised for quality, analyzed, and synthesized into 3 main categories. This international review shows a widely varied scope and context of practice with positive impacts on patient and health service outcomes. Further research and exploration are recommended to develop a consistent model of care and further ascertain the benefits of the specialist trauma nurse role.
Department of Trauma, South Eastern Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Ms Walter); Sydney Nursing School, University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Dr Curtis); St George Clinical School, University of New South Wales, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Dr Curtis); and St George Hospital Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia (Dr Curtis).
Correspondence: Elizabeth Walter, RN, BN, Grad Cert (Crit Care), MNurs, Department of Trauma, South Eastern Sydney Area Health Service, Level 2, 4-10 South Street, Kogarah, Sydney, New South Wales 2217, Australia (Elizabeth.firstname.lastname@example.org).
The authors declare no conflicts of interest.