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Impact of Nursing Education by a Pharmacist on Sedation Practice in a Trauma Surgical Intensive Care Unit

Reinaker, Travis Scott PharmD, BCPS; Frock, Karen M. PharmD, BCPS

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0000000000000114

Introduction: Benefits of pharmacist-provided education on nurse-driven sedation protocols have not been assessed.

Methods: Trauma intensive care unit nurses received pharmacist-provided education on the hospital's sedation protocol. Sedation outcomes were assessed for patients in the preeducation (n = 29) and posteducation (n = 33) groups.

Results: The primary outcome of sedation scores at goal was not significantly different (41% vs 60%; P = .169), while more patients experienced oversedation (50% vs 32%; P = .013) in the pre- vs posteducation groups, respectively. No patient experienced self-extubation.

Conclusions: Despite similar achievement of goal sedation scores before and after pharmacist-provided education, the posteducation group experienced fewer incidences of oversedation with no difference in self-extubation.

Department of Pharmacy, WellSpan York Hospital, York, Pennsylvania.

Correspondence: Travis Scott Reinaker, PharmD, BCPS, 4334 Brookview Place, Elkins Park, PA 19027 (

The project was presented as a poster at the 2012 ASHP Midyear Meeting on December 5, 2012, at Mandalay Bay in Las Vegas, Nevada.

The author declares no conflicts of interest.

Copyright © 2015 by the Society of Trauma Nurses.