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Team Composition and Perceived Roles of Team Members in the Trauma Bay

Speck, Rebecca M. MPH; Jones, Gabrielle MA, MPH; Barg, Frances K. PhD, MEd; McCunn, Maureen MD, MIPP, FCCM

doi: 10.1097/JTN.0b013e318261d273

Perceptions of trauma team members and their roles may impact team performance, requiring intervention. Participant observation and semistructured interviews were performed with trauma team members: attendings, nurses, fellows, residents, and medical students. Some team members do not include nurses as members of the team. A greater proportion of male than female team leaders perceived their role as teacher or educator. Nurses, attendings, and fellows, provided parallel descriptions of good leaders, whereas medical students and residents stressed other qualities. Inconsistencies in trauma team role definition and membership should be addressed, toward the goal of improving team communication and patient outcomes.

Departments of Anesthesiology and Critical Care (Ms Speck and Dr McCunn), Biostatistics and Epidemiology (Ms Speck), and Family Medicine and Community Health (Dr Barg), School of Medicine, and Department of Anthropology, School of Arts and Sciences (Ms Jones and Dr Barg), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Correspondence: Maureen McCunn, MD, MIPP, FCCM, University of Pennsylvania, Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care, 3400 Spruce St, Dulles 680, Philadelphia, PA 19104. (

The author declares no conflict of interest.

© 2012 Society of Trauma Nurses