Trauma resulting from violence and unintentional causes has reached epidemic proportions in the United States, particularly among urban adolescents and young adults. Many of these injuries can be predicted because of participation of adolescents and young adults in risky behaviors. In addition, subsequent injuries to survivors can be predicted because of their retur to risk taking behavior. This paper presents a model that addresses risk-taking behaviors, antecedents to risk taking, and the possible outcomes, including trauma and trauma recidivism. It focuses attention on the growing problem of trauma and trauma recidivism among adolescents and young adults and identifies implications for research and practice for trauma murses.
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