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Reporting Guidelines for Use in Preparing Manuscripts for Nursing Journals

Journal of Pediatric Surgical Nursing: January/March 2019 - Volume 8 - Issue 1 - p 14
doi: 10.1097/JPS.0000000000000201
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Purpose: To describe common, standardized reporting guidelines nurse authors can use to improve the quality of research manuscripts they prepare and submit for publication.

Learning Objectives/Outcomes: After completing this continuing education activity, you should be able to:

1. Recall the background information helpful for understanding the need for authors to adhere to the relevant standardized reporting guidelines when preparing a manuscript for journal submission.

2. Compare the various standardized reporting guidelines and the types of research manuscripts for which they are intended.

  1. Which of the following is at the top level of a commonly used hierarchy of research evidence?
    1. case controlled studies and case reports
    2. evidence synthesis of critically appraised topics
    3. meta-analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs)
  2. In the hierarchy of research evidence, well-designed individual RCTs are at level
    1. I.
    2. II.
    3. III.
  3. As stated by MacCarthy et al. (2018), for effective use the reporting of research studies meant to enhance health care knowledge must be clear, accurate, and
    1. innovative.
    2. complete.
    3. unique.
  4. Reporting guidelines have been designed to help authors prepare manuscripts that are
    1. creative.
    2. transparent.
    3. groundbreaking.
  5. Which of the following guidelines recommends that manuscripts prepared for RCTs include certain content and are written in a specific format?
    1. Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT)
    2. Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting Excellence (SQUIRE)
    3. Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA)
  6. Which of the following guidelines is intended for preparing a manuscript about a quality improvement project or study?
    1. CONSORT
    2. SQUIRE
    3. PRISMA
  7. When writing a manuscript about a review of research studies or a literature review, authors are best guided by
    1. CONSORT.
    2. SQUIRE.
    3. PRISMA.
  8. Case Reports is a guideline developed to help authors prepare a manuscript describing
    1. a quality improvement project.
    2. an encounter with a patient.
    3. synthesized evidence from several sources.
  9. Which of the following guides the preparation of a manuscript describing case-control, cohort, and cross-sectional studies?
    1. Standards for Reporting Qualitative Research (SRQR)
    2. Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research (COREQ)
    3. Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology (STROBE)
  10. The guideline intended for writing a manuscript presenting a synthesis of research recommendations is the
    1. SRQR.
    2. COREQ.
    3. STROBE.
  11. The goal of the EQUATOR reporting guideline’s decision tree is to help authors decide
    1. on a research topic that would be most relevant to pursue.
    2. which guideline is relevant for preparing their manuscript.
    3. how much of their methodology to include in the report.
  12. Which of the following statements about reporting guidelines is accurate?
    1. They specify conflict of interest criteria.
    2. They may vary based on the journal.
    3. They guide reports of specific study types.
  13. In their study of authors’ guidelines in nursing journals, Oermann et al. (2018) found that which of the following guidelines was most often recommended for its intended purpose?
    1. SQUIRE
    2. COREQ
    3. PRISMA
  14. One of the more common guidelines excluded from EQUATOR’s algorithm is the
    1. SQUIRE.
    2. STROBE.
    3. CONSORT.
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