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Trends in Infusion Administrative Practices in US Health Care Organizations

An Exploratory Analysis

Pratt, Benjamin R., MS, MSW; Dunford, Benjamin B., PhD; Alexander, Mary, MA, RN, CRNI®, CAE, FAAN; Morgeson, Frederick P., PhD; Vogus, Timothy J., PhD

doi: 10.1097/NAN.0000000000000308

While specialized infusion clinical services remain the standard of care, widespread curtailing and disbanding of infusion teams as a cost-cutting measure has been documented in health care organizations for nearly 2 decades. Owing to this trend, as well as recent government interventions in medical error control, the authors engaged in an exploratory study of infusion administration practices in the US health care industry. This article presents the authors' exploratory findings, as well as their potential implications.

Purdue University Krannert School of Management, West Lafayette, Indiana (Mr Pratt, Dr Dunford); Infusion Nurses Certification Corporation, Norwood, Massachusetts (Ms Alexander); Infusion Nurses Society, Norwood, Massachusetts (Ms Alexander); Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan (Dr Morgeson); and Vanderbilt University Owen Graduate School of Management, Nashville, Tennessee (Dr Vogus).

Benjamin R. Pratt, MS, MSW, is a doctoral candidate in the organizational behavior and human resource management program in the Krannert School of Management at Purdue University. He studies talent management, particularly in the areas of work design, employee engagement, and employee retention.

Benjamin B. Dunford, PhD, is an associate professor at the Krannert Graduate School of Management at Purdue University. Professor Dunford conducts research and teaches in the areas of change management, leadership, compensation, and organizational development. He earned his PhD from Cornell University in 2004.

Mary Alexander, MA, RN, CRNI®, CAE, FAAN, is chief executive officer of the Infusion Nurses Society and the Infusion Nurses Certification Corporation. She has presented nationally and internationally on the specialty practice of infusion nursing, and her areas of expertise include standards development, patient safety, and leadership.

Frederick P. Morgeson, PhD, is the Eli Broad Professor of Management at Michigan State University. He studies how organizations can optimally identify, select, develop, manage, and retain talent. His considerable health care-related experience includes staff hiring processes, connecting workforce competencies to the patient experience, and retention in acute and long-term care settings.

Timothy J. Vogus, PhD, is the Brownlee O. Currey, Jr, Professor of Management at the Owen Graduate School of Management of Vanderbilt University. His research focuses on the cognitive (ie, mindful organizing), cultural, emotional, and organizational practices and processes through which individuals, workgroups, and organizations enact highly reliable, nearly error-free patient care delivery.

Corresponding Author: Benjamin R. Pratt, MS, MSW, Purdue University, Krannert School of Management, 403 West State Street, West Lafayette, IN 47907 (

The authors of this article have no conflicts of interest to disclose.

© Copyright 2019 by Infusion Nurses Society