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Short Peripheral Intravenous Catheters and Infections

Hadaway, Lynn MEd, RN, BC, CRNI®

doi: 10.1097/NAN.0b013e31825af099
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The rate of infections associated with short peripheral intravenous catheters is thought to be very low, even rare. Approximately 330 million peripheral catheters are sold annually in the United States. Although the rate may be low, the actual number of infections could be relatively high, with most going undetected because of short dwell times and early patient discharges. A recent estimate reported as many as 10000 Staphylococcus aureus bacteremias from peripheral catheters annually in the United States. This integrative literature review identified soft tissue, bone, and bloodstream infections. Analysis of 45 studies revealed significant knowledge gaps and inadequate clinical practices associated with one of the most common devices used in all health care settings.

Lynn Hadaway Associates, Inc.

Lynn Hadaway, MEd, RN, BC, CRNI®, has more than 35 years of experience as an infusion nurse, educator, and consultant. She holds a master's degree in education, is certified in professional staff development and infusion nursing, and has published extensively on infusion topics in numerous journals

Corresponding Author: Lynn Hadaway, MEd, RN, BC, CRNI® (lynn@hadawayassociates.com).

The author received financial support in the form of a project fee to conduct this literature search and compose this manuscript. This work was funded by B D Medical, Inc. The author also works as a paid consultant for B D Medical, Inc.

© Copyright 2012 by the Infusion Nurses Society