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Parenteral Nutrition Focus: Nutrition Assessment and Formula Composition

McGinnis, Carol RN, MS, CNSN


The infusion therapy nurse often is in a position to intervene by assessing and helping to treat the nutritional status of the patients she or he serves. This article provides an overview of the nutritional assessment process. Tips are offered for estimating patient-specific nutritional needs. Basic components of parenteral nutrition solutions are highlighted, and general guidelines for initiating parenteral nutrition are included. A case study guides the reader through application of some principles offered in the article.

Carol McGinnis is a clinical nurse specialist at the Sioux Valley Hospital USD Medical Center, Sioux Falls, SD. Her focus is metabolic and nutrition support nursing. She has a BAN and an MS degree with a focus in nursing. Carol is certified in nutrition support nursing and in case management. She is the nurse member of an active nutrition support team.

Address correspondence to: Carol McGinnis, Sioux Valley Hospital USD Medical Center, 1100 South Euclid, Sioux Falls, SD 57117-5039 (e-mail:

© Copyright 2002 by the Infusion Nurses Society