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Spirit-Guided Care: Christian Nursing for the Whole Person

doi: 10.1097/CNJ.0b013e31829c408e
CE Connection
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Spirit-Guided Care: Christian Nursing for the Whole Person


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General Purpose:

To provide information on Spirit-guided nursing care.

Learning Objectives:

After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to:

  1. Explain theoretical perspectives related to spiritual care and barriers to providing that care.
  2. Identify factors that highlight the need for and methods to achieve Spirit-guided care.
  1. Factors contributing to patient harm, noted in the article, include all of the following except
    1. rapid technology advancements.
    2. growing complexity of care.
    3. unmotivated healthcare professionals.
    4. changing patient needs.
  2. What percentage of the U.population identifies with a personal God?
    1. 60%
    2. 70%
    3. 80%
    4. 90%
  3. In addition to those who identify with a personal God, a total of how many more Americans believe in a higher power?
    1. 9%
    2. 12%
    3. 21%
    4. 36%
  4. How many nurses report receiving spiritual training as part of their nursing education?
    1. 12 - 14%
    2. 15 - 17%
    3. 18 - 20%
    4. 21 - 23%
  5. According to Chan (2010), spiritual care is not seen as a priority due to a lack of
    1. privacy.
    2. interest.
    3. time.
    4. spirituality.
  6. The 2010 study by Carr revealed that nurses are reluctant to provide spiritual care to their patients
    1. because they do not have access to spiritual care experts.
    2. for fear of “stirring things up.”
    3. because of a lack of knowledge about spiritual matters.
    4. for fear of crossing professional boundaries.
  7. Wright (2005) reported that nurses who give spiritual care
    1. have more professional satisfaction.
    2. integrate it into their daily care routines.
    3. do so despite policies against it.
    4. often feel inadequate.
  8. As noted by the authors, spirituality is
    1. defined by a set of beliefs and rituals.
    2. a unified system that is united into one moral community.
    3. the innate human search for the meaning of life.
    4. defined by texts and practices regarding a relationship with the transcendent.
  9. Chan (2010) suggests spiritual care is defined by all of the following except
    1. acts of listening.
    2. physical care.
    3. compassionate presence.
    4. open-ended questions.
  10. Removing one's self as the motivating force and allowing Christ to flow through us and direct our care is
    1. Wellness care.
    2. Patient-centered care.
    3. Integrated care.
    4. Spirit-guided care.
  11. According to the authors, as opposed to doing , providing this level of care focuses on
    1. being.
    2. joining.
    3. supporting.
    4. guiding.
  12. Widerquist (1992) reported that the concept of nursing as a “calling” influenced
    1. Clarissa Barton.
    2. Florence Nightingale.
    3. Mary Seacole.
    4. Ellen Dougherty.
  13. As noted in the article, what organization requires spiritual assessments in hospitals?
    1. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services
    2. The Department of Health
    3. The Board of Registration in Nursing
    4. The Joint Commission
  14. The model in which the client system is a center core surrounded by protective variables, including spirituality, is known as
    1. Neuman's System model.
    2. Roy's Adaptation model.
    3. Fitzpatrick's Life Perspective Rhythm model.
    4. Prochaska's Stages of Change model.
  15. Quinn's (1981) behavioral mode in which the nurse embraces the patient's body, mind, and spirit is known as the
    1. sympathetic mode.
    2. defensive mode.
    3. holistic mode.
    4. offensive mode.
  16. A North American Nursing Diagnosis Association-approved diagnosis that addresses spirituality is
    1. Risk for spiritual starvation.
    2. Readiness for enhanced spiritual well-being.
    3. Potential moral deprivation.
    4. Readiness for improved self-efficacy.
  17. Maya provided spiritual, whole person care by all of the following except:
    1. speaking to and holding the hand of a heavily sedated patient.
    2. listening to her patients discuss their concerns.
    3. arranging to have a spiritual care expert visit her patients.
    4. spending extra time sitting with her patients.
  18. When Maya entered Henry's room, she asked God to
    1. help Henry to communicate with his family.
    2. provide His healing grace to Henry.
    3. instill confidence in Henry regarding her husband's medical care.
    4. guide her interactions and bless the family.


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