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Helping Human Trafficking Victims In Our Backyard

doi: 10.1097/CNJ.0b013e318242d050
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Helping Human Trafficking Victims In Our Backyard


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General Purpose:

To provide registered professional nurses with an understanding of the crisis of human trafficking.

Learning Objectives:

After reading this article and taking this test, you should be able to:

  1. Describe human trafficking including the red flags to watch for, common ailments in victims, screening questions if trafficking is suspected, and proactive steps to deal with the problem.
  2. Identify issues related to the worldwide problem of human trafficking.
  1. In which year was a law against human trafficking originally was passed in the United States?
    1. 1865
    2. 1945
    3. 1989
    4. 2000
  2. Who does the U.S. Trafficking Victims Protection Act protect?
    1. U.S. citizens only
    2. Hispanics/Latinos only
    3. non-citizens only
    4. all residents of the United States
  3. As noted in the article, human trafficking is a politically correct term for
    1. slavery.
    2. low-paid workers.
    3. all prostitutes.
    4. illegal aliens.
  4. Which statement is true about sex trafficking victims?
    1. The majority of child victims are American-born citizens.
    2. They all come from poverty backgrounds.
    3. They are moved frequently across state lines.
    4. They cannot be trafficked in their own home.
  5. As noted in the article, trafficking victims may be reluctant to ask for help because they
    1. are gainfully employed.
    2. do not realize they are victims.
    3. do not mind the work they are doing.
    4. are supporting their families.
  6. Approximately how many persons are trafficked today?
    1. 3 million
    2. 9 million
    3. 18 million
    4. 27 million
  7. Human trafficking in the world is the
    1. fourth largest criminal enterprise.
    2. third largest criminal enterprise.
    3. second largest criminal enterprise.
    4. largest criminal enterprise.
  8. Which statement is true about U.S. trafficked persons?
    1. about 30% are male
    2. about 50% are children
    3. about 75% are children
    4. about 90% are female
  9. According to the Family Violence Prevention Fund (2005), how many trafficking victims encountered a healthcare professional during captivity?
    1. 7%
    2. 18%
    3. 28%
    4. 39%
  10. Of these trafficking victims, how many encounters led to the victim's rescue or identification?
    1. 0%
    2. 4%
    3. 11%
    4. 17%
  11. The most likely reason cited why victims were not helped was because of a(n)
    1. lack of or inadequate resources.
    2. inability to recognize human trafficking victims.
    3. ignorance of the law.
    4. insufficient amount of time with the victim.
  12. Before asking any screening questions, the healthcare professional must
    1. ask permission from the adult accompanying a minor.
    2. be alone with the potential victim.
    3. determine the citizenship of the potential victim.
    4. have a law enforcement officer present.
  13. When dealing with a suspected trafficker, consider
    1. contacting law enforcement.
    2. confronting the person in the hospital.
    3. arranging to meet the person outside of the hospital.
    4. asking the patient to confront the trafficker with police present.
  14. If a translator is necessary,
    1. use the adult that accompanied the patient.
    2. ask the patient to provide a translator.
    3. call in a translator with no affiliation to the victim.
    4. use a minor if present who accompanied the patient.
  15. Screening questions for suspected human trafficking victims include all of the following except
    1. Are you free to leave your job?
    2. Who decides when you eat/sleep?
    3. What type of work do you do?
    4. Why don't you try to get away?
  16. What is the first suggested step if there appear to be no immediate threats?
    1. contact law enforcement
    2. arrange transportation to a safe house
    3. consult the National Human Trafficking Hotline
    4. contact security
  17. If the victim is over the age of 18 and chooses not to receive help, the nurse should
    1. respect that choice.
    2. report the patient to law enforcement.
    3. have the patient admitted to the hospital.
    4. detain the patient as long as possible.
  18. What should the nurse do if the victim is under the age of 18 and chooses not to receive help?
    1. refer the victim to a child psychologist.
    2. follow state laws for reporting child abuse.
    3. respect that choice.
    4. contact the child's parent or guardian.


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