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Living Out Reflective Practice

doi: 10.1097/CNJ.0b013e3182246ac8
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Reflective Practice for Personal and Professional Transformation and Living Out Reflective Practice


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  • Read the articles on pages 132–143.
  • Take the test, recording your answers in the test answers section (Section B) of the CE enrollment form. Each question has only one correct answer.
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Registration Deadline: September 30, 2013


The authors have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to their articles.

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General Purpose Statement

To familiarize the nurse with models and processes for reflective practice as well as strategies to use to reflect critically in day-to-day practice and life.

Learning Objectives

After reading these articles and taking this test, the nurse will be able to:

  1. Identify models and processes for reflective practice.
  2. Describe strategies to use to reflect critically in day-to-day practice and life.

1. Reflection gives nurses the ability to combine theory and

a. skill.

b. evidence.

c. experience.

d. practice.

2. For the Christian nurse, reflection-within-the-moment may include asking

a. "Is this mindful practice?"

b. "Is this right?"

c. "What would Jesus do?"

d. "What would God think?"

3. What is the first phase of reflection?

a. description

b. feelings

c. evaluation

d. analysis

4. A case conference type of reflection requires which of the following from the nurse?

a. vulnerability

b. trust

c. journaling

d. mediation

5. One of the most important reasons for reflective practice is the desire for

a. spirituality.

b. prayer.

c. improvement in professional practice.

d. improvement in patient care.

6. Reflection as a leader involves reflection-in-action, reflection-on-action, and

a. reflection-in-the present.

b. reflection-on-the future.

c. reflection-in-the process.

d. reflection-on-the plan.

7. What is one of the first attempts at reflection for students?

a. directed group evaluation

b. undirected group evaluation

c. directed self-assessment

d. undirected self-assessment

8. Reflexivity appears to be most relevant within which type of research?

a. qualitative

b. quantitative

c. correlative

d. descriptive

9. According to the article, a story of spiritual reflection that Christian nurses can relate to is the story of

a. Luke.

b. Mark.

c. Job.

d. Paul.

10. A way for nurses to critically reflect upon patient care is to

a. journal.

b. attend church.

c. join a support group.

d. meet with staff nurses.

11. At the end of the case study, Susan decided to do which when she felt overwhelmed in a patient care setting?

a. cry openly

b. cry silently

c. pray openly

d. pray silently

12. Intentionally thinking about one's personal thoughts and actions is known as

a. reflection.

b. contemplation.

c. personal knowledge.

d. personal experience.

13. Reflection is widely accepted as an important part of the nurse's skills due to the work of

a. Abbott.

b. Benner.

c. Conway.

d. Davis.

14. Which can promote interpretive analysis and reflection?

a. directive assessments

b. self-assessments

c. nursing narratives

d. professional evaluations

15. Which describes a process that includes nurses using their personal knowledge to construct an informal theory about a situation?

a. reflection-on-the process

b. reflection-in-the process

c. reflection-on-action

d. reflection-in-action

16. Which method is used in reflection-in-action?

a. trial and error

b. reason and purpose

c. knowledge and skill

d. right and wrong

17. Which method is generally used when a surprise or deviation from the norm appears?

a. reflection-in-action

b. reflection-on-action

c. reflection-in-the process

d. reflection-on-the process

18. Reflection-on-action tends to answer all questions except

a. Where have I gone?

b. Where have I been?

c. Where did I go wrong?

d. Where am I going?

19. Reflection-on-action may ignore

a. strengths.

b. weaknesses.

c. creativity.

d. experiences.

20. According to Warren, meditation

a. restores the soul.

b. is focused thinking.

c. takes the focus away from God.

d. is easy.

21. The goal of Christian meditation is

a. detachment.

b. to become one with the cosmic mind.

c. to fill the mind.

d. to empty the mind.

22. Reflection-on-action about life circumstances are found in the biblical writings of

a. Paul.

b. James.

c. Job.

d. David.

23. The beginning of the process of spiritual growth includes reflecting, meditating, and

a. analyzing.

b. thinking.

c. acting.

d. planning.



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