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The Place of Dignity in Everyday Ethics

doi: 10.1097/CNJ.0b013e3182061553
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The Place of Dignity in Everyday Ethics


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  • Read the article on pages 12–18.
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The authors have disclosed that they have no financial relationships related to this article.

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General Purpose:

To familiarize the nurse with a Christian holistic approach to everyday ethics.

Learning Objectives:

After reading this article and taking this test, the nurse will be able to:

  1. Identify components of everyday ethics and dignity.
  2. Describe religious and spiritual approaches to dignity in healthcare.

1. Ethics is often viewed as being focused on

a. legal situations.

b. life-and-death situations.

c. emotional situations.

d. social situations.

2. Which term captures the notion that humans are uniquely valuable and ought to be esteemed highly?

a. human dignity

b. human rights

c. humanity

d. humankind

3. According to the United Nations' Universal Declaration of Human Rights , one of the two features it points out in understanding and applying human dignity is that dignity is

a. granted.

b. easily defined.

c. inherent.

d. bestowed by others.

4. Pellegrino noted that humans become aware of their own dignity by

a. self-reflection.

b. self-awareness.

c. spiritual awareness.

d. circumstances in one's life.

5. According to Meilaender, dignity has two dimensions: what is changeable and what is

a. unchanging.

b. unethical.

c. spiritual.

d. inherent.

6. What is the current emphasis in healthcare ethics?

a. cultural diversity

b. spirituality

c. autonomy

d. parenteralism

7. According to Macklin, dignity in medical ethics is a(n)

a. underused concept.

b. overused concept.

c. useful concept.

d. useless concept.

8. The term "human dignity" is a recent way of expressing the belief that

a. humans are higher beings.

b. humans are made in the image of God.

c. all humans are created equal.

d. all humans have inherent rights.

9. Which verse best states that we should treat others with the same dignity with which we want to be treated?

a. James 3:9

b. 2 Corinthians 4:4

c. Matthew 7:12

d. Psalm 8:5

10. To help us understand ethical issues, virtue ethics looks to

a. stories.

b. life experiences.

c. reflection.

d. prayer.

11. To act with dignity is to promote

a. the inherent dignity of others.

b. acceptance.

c. truthfulness.

d. autonomy.

12. Dimensions of ethics include emotional, spiritual, and

a. cultural.

b. philosophical.

c. moral.

d. relational.

13. Which perception allows one to become alert to an ethical issue?

a. philosophical

b. cultural

c. spiritual

d. moral

14. The multidimensional nature of ethics is acknowledged in which Bible verse?

a. Galatians 6:2

b. Colossians 3:10

c. Ephesians 4:32

d. Luke 10:27

15. According to Mann, dignity is commonly violated by all except

a. ignoring one another.

b. not being truthful.

c. humiliating another.

d. transgressing another's personal space.

16. According to Pellegrino, patients widely experience

a. humiliation.

b. ignorance.

c. transgressing personal space.

d. not being truthful.

17. According to O'Mathuna, a Christian holistic approach to ethics integrates

a. feeling, thinking, acting, and spirituality.

b. listening, processing, understanding, and acknowledging.

c. Bible reading, worship, fellowship, and prayer.

d. forgiveness, hope, meaning, and purpose.

18. In a Christian holistic approach to ethics, the spiritual component entails which of the following?

a. Spiritual Discernment

b. Spiritual Dependence

c. Spiritual Development

d. Spiritual Direction



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