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Prepared or Unprepared for Pandemic Flu?

doi: 10.1097/01.CNJ.0000348265.89805.7e
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  • Read the article on pages 80–85.
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General Purpose Statement:

To provide registered professional nurses with an understanding of pandemic flu and pandemic preparedness by faith-based organizations (FBOs).

Learning Objectives:

After reading this article and taking this test, the nurse will be able to:

  1. Identify the characteristics of a pandemic flu, seasonal flu, and avian flu.
  2. Describe the pandemic preparedness by FBOs in this study and how to motivate churches to prepare.

1. Pandemic refers to a

a. disease of fairly short duration and low virulence.

b. global outbreak of a disease.

c. regional outbreak of a disease.

d. disease that is constantly present in a region.

2. In a flu pandemic, a new virus emerges

a. for which vaccine is available in limited supply.

b. that is usually weak but affects large numbers of people.

c. to which people have little or no immunity.

d. for which effective antibiotics are available in limited supply.

3. Which statement is true regarding a flu pandemic?

a. Countries can prevent contamination through imposing border closures.

b. Disease causes serious illness and death, even in healthy people.

c. Schools and work environments can stay open as long as the inhabitants are healthy.

d. When a flu pandemic occurs, the risk is restricted to a specific geographic area.

4. The flu pandemic of 1918 was caused by which strain of flu?

a. H1N1

b. H2N2

c. H3N2

d. H5N1

5. In previous pandemics how many weeks apart did waves of the epidemic come?

a. 1–2

b. 2–4

c. 4–6

d. 6–8

6. In general how long after a pandemic starts does it take to produce a vaccine?

a. 1–3 weeks

b. 3–6 weeks

c. 1–4 months

d. 4–6 months

7. Which of the following drugs may be effective in treating seasonal flu?

a. azithromycin

b. cefazolin

c. oseltamivir

d. levofloxacin

8. Hospitalizations of persons during annual flu epidemics primarily occur among

a. middle-aged persons who work outside the home.

b. healthcare workers.

c. school-aged children.

d. the elderly.

9. Avian flu is of particular concern because

a. humans have only moderate immunity to the virus.

b. it is spreading through migratory birds.

c. the virus spares the domestic fowl vectors but can kill humans.

d. vaccines for the two known strains of the virus are in limited supply.

10. One of the eight survey items was:

a. the number of healthcare workers in the congregation.

b. how to participate in the HEICS system of disaster response.

c. how to respond after the detonation of a “dirty bomb.”

d. the time given to pandemic preparedness in organized meetings.

11. The majority of FBOs that responded to the survey indicated that they had

a. established backup communications.

b. only one planning item completed.

c. stockpiled “some” materials for personal protection.

d. no pandemic planning.

12. Comments about barriers to preparing for a pandemic event included

a. having the time to prepare.

b. concern that there would be conflicts between “church and state.”

c. restrictions imposed by a particular religion.

d. the national denominational organizations already had plans for the participating FBOs.

13. Findings from this study imply that

a. the survey was not designed to reveal FBO disaster preparations already in place.

b. helping in disaster relief abroad did not translate to disaster planning within the church.

c. FBOs that participated in more foreign missions were better prepared for a pandemic.

d. there is little interest or energy in most FBOs to provide help during disasters.

14. When is the best time to propose changes in disaster preparedness?

a. before a major disaster occurs

b. during a presidential election year

c. immediately following a major disaster

d. during church budget discussions

15. Which statement is true about motivating churches to prepare for a disaster?

a. FBO leaders have “disaster fatigue” because of the many disasters that have occurred.

b. Electronic communication is not an effective medium for conducting planning events.

c. Planning information should be addressed to a specific person, rather than to the church.

d. Providing funding for planning initiatives will facilitate the process.

16. Which denomination offers an ideal model for disaster preparation?

a. Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints

b. Episcopal Church

c. Roman Catholic Church

d. Seventh-day Adventist Church

17. According to the authors, the best way to help your congregation prepare is to

a. provide an emergency shelter during a disaster.

b. provide information booklets about disaster preparedness in the church.

c. prepare yourself by planning and storing food.

d. share food, clothing, and water with people in need.

18. How much food, medicines, and other supplies should be stockpiled?

a. 1-week supply

b. 2-week supply

c. 1-month supply

d. 2-month supply



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