The purpose of this self-directed study is to analyze value systems that influence ethical decision making in nursing.
After reading this article, learners will be able to:
- Examine humanistic and Christian value systems in light of the American Nurses Association Code of Ethics.
- Analyze six categories of ethical issues that nurses face.
- Identify commonalities and critical differences in value systems as they affect nursing ethical decision making.
Earn one and a half (1.5) contact hours of continuing nursing education. Here's how:
- Read the article by Pam Price Hoskins on pp. 6 to 12 and complete this post-test using the answer card insert (or photocopy) between pp. 12 and 13. Each question has only one correct (best) answer. Complete all registration information, including your registry number and the evaluation.
- JCN CNE is free to Nurses Christian Fellowship members. Cost for non-members for this continuing education unit is $11.95; make check out to Journal of Christian Nursing and include with your completed answer card.
- Send the completed card, registration fee (for non-members) and a self-addressed, stamped, legal-sized envelope to: JCN Continuing Nursing Education, PO Box 7895, Madison, WI 53707-7895.
- You can take the test and register online. Go to www.ncf-jcn.org/jcn/archive/04fa/04fa_pph13.html
You will be notified of your score within six weeks. A passing score on this test is 9 correct or 75%. If you pass, JCN will send you a certificate for one and a half (1.5) contact hours of CNE credit. If you fail, you may retake the test once for an additional $5.00.
1. Why is it important for Christian nurses to understand value systems or world views?
a) They determine quality of life.
b) They influence thought and action.
c) They confer power and autonomy.
d) They offer peace and freedom.
2. Which of these best illustrates the concept of world view?
a) A globe
b) A blueprint
d) A book
3. What is the central concern of the humanistic value system?
a) God's relationship with human beings
b) Human beings
c) Care of the environment
d) Nursing care of human beings
4. On what basis do those who embrace the humanistic value system decide what is right and wrong?
a) Personal decision
b) Human equality
c) Social evolution
d) Cultural diversity
5. What is central to the Christian value system as it relates to nursing ethical decision making?
a) Truth and justice
b) Human beings
c) Care of the environment
d) God as origin and center of life
6. Which of the following is emphasized by both humanistic and Christian value systems?
a) The person who makes the decision
b) Doing what is right
c) Doing what is right for the right reason
d) The circumstances surrounding the decision
7. When the Christian value system is used to determine ethical decisions, which of these is irrelevant?
a) Quality and quantity of life
b) Relationships with God and others
c) Preparation for eternal life
d) When life begins
8. Which question is at the heart of pro-choice vs. pro-life ethical issues?
a) When does life end?
b) Who is responsible for care?
c) Who will pay for needed care?
d) Who is in charge here?
9. Which category of nursing ethical issues has the most to do with self-determination?
a) Truth-telling vs. deception
b) Distribution of limited resources
c) Pro-choice vs. pro-life
d) Freedom vs. control
10. How does the Christian value system look at truth?
a) Truth can be relative.
b) Truth supersedes love.
c) Truth comes from God.
d) Truth must always be told.
11. Which value system would advocate spending the entire annual budget in order to preserve the next year's allocations?
12. Which of these highlights the most critical difference between humanistic and Christian value systems with respect to ethical decision-making?
a) The outcome of the choice
b) The circumstances of the dilemma
c) The rationale for the decision
d) The process of decision-making
Nurses Christian Fellowship® is an approved provider of continuing nursing education by the Wisconsin Nurses Association Continuing Education Approval Program Committee, an accredited approver by the American Nurses Credentialing Center's Commission on Accreditation.