Caring for vulnerable persons is a global humanitarian and nursing concern. The Norwegian Kirkens Bymisjon system cares for vulnerable people groups in 40 cities, serving as a model for other countries. In 2009, church–city–mission collaborations in Bergen, Trondheim, and Tromsø were visited; follow-up data were collected in 2014. At each site, a combination of the diaconal organization, the city or municipality, and donors from the private sector identify and establish a governing board, analyze vulnerable groups most in need of service, and build programs to meet needs.
Pamela H. Cone, PhD, RN, is an associate professor in the Graduate Nursing Department, School of Nursing, Azusa Pacific University, Azusa, California. As a Fulbright Scholar in Norway, she studied spiritual care.
The author declares no conflict of interest.
Accepted by peer-review 2/27/2018.
Acknowledgments: This research and report was made possible through to a 2008-2009 U. S. Fulbright Foundation Grant; Azusa Pacific University; and the VID Specialized University Faculty of Health, Bergan, Norway. Tove Giske, PhD, RN. served as a research scholar and key informant on Norwegian culture and values.